1883, Vietnam (Annam), Emperor Tu Duc. Gold 2 Tien Coin. Certified and graded by PCGS as AU Details: Holed! Condition: Friedberg 31, Schroeder 402b, KM-523. Obverse: Double dragon, flanking central hole. Reverse: Four characters around sun with blunts. Tu – Duc – Thong – Bao. A Chinese general set up the Kingdom of Nam-Viet on the Red River. This kingdom was overthrown by the Chinese under the Han Dynasty in 111 B. Whereupon the country became a Chinese province under the name of Giao-Chi, which was later changed to Annam which means peaceful or pacified south. Chinese rule was maintained until 968, when the Vietnamese became independent until 1407 when China again invaded Viet Nam. The Chinese were driven out in 1428 and the country became independent and named Dai-Viet. After the French conquered Dai Nam, they split the country into three parts: The South became the Colony of Cochinchina, the North became the Protectorate of Tonkin and the central became the Protectorate of Annam. The emperors were permitted to produce small quantities of coins, presentation pieces, and bullion bars. The smaller gold pieces saw a limited circulation, mainly among the local merchants and foreign traders. Emperor T c (22 September 1829 17 July 1883) (full name: Nguyn Phúc Hng Nhm , also Nguyn Phúc Thì) was the fourth emperor of the Nguyn Dynasty of Vietnam and reigned from 18471883. The son of Emperor Thiu Tr, Prince Nguyn Phúc Hng Nhm was born on 22 September 1829, and succeeded his father on the throne, with the reigning title of T c , but family troubles caused his era to have a violent start. Thiu Tr had passed over his more moderate eldest son, Hng Bo, to give the throne to T c, known for his staunch Confucianism and opposition to foreigners and innovation. As a result, and due to the repressive policies of the previous Nguyn Dynasty emperor, there was now a great deal of dissatisfaction with Nguyn rule and a legitimate royal figure to rally this opposition. Prince Nguyn Phúc Hng Bo became the leader of a rebellion against T c, consisting of Confucian scholars who were angered that the family hierarchy had been dishonored (by passing over the eldest son) some remaining supporters of the Lê Dynasty (who many still considered the legitimate dynasty of Vietnam) as well as the usual peasants angry over Nguyn taxation and the usual corrupt mandarins as well as the Roman Catholic missionaries and Christian converts who had been so persecuted by Minh Mng and Thiu Tr. With swift military force, T c suppressed the rebellion and was set to execute his brother, but was dissuaded by his mother, Dowager queen T D, and Hng Bo killed himself in prison. Emperor T c continued the policies of his predecessors, shutting Vietnam off from the outside world and refusing all efforts to modernize the country. Accounts of his personal life show a gentle and educated man, but his policies brought on conflict with Europe that Vietnam could not win. He oppressed all foreigners in Vietnam, especially the Christian community, who had frequently tried to overthrow his ancestors, such as in the Lê Vn Khôi revolt, calling their religion a “perverse doctrine”. The Christian mandarin Nguyn Trng T tried to convince T c that this was a suicidal policy, but he did not listen, confident that France was too involved with the chaos in Europe in 1848 to respond, but he was mistaken. France responded with a large military expeditionary force and attacked up from southern Vietnam. The Nguyn army fought bravely for some time, but their antiquated weapons and tactics were no match for the French, who suffered more from the climate and disease than from enemy resistance. With French forces moving closer against him, T c called upon his Manchu over-lord, the Qing Emperor, for help and so ensued the Sino-French War. The fighting around Hanoi against China and the Black Flag pirates ended with France victorious and China gave up their position as feudal master of Vietnam and recognized France as the ruling power over the region. To make matters worse, Emperor T c had to deal with renewed internal rebellions which had become commonplace for the Nguyn Dynasty. There were literally hundreds of small rebellions and uprisings against Nguyn rule. Ineffective attempts to enforce the ban on Christian missionaries were also the biggest source of trouble, including the execution of a Spanish bishop which was used to justify the French and Spanish invasion that led to the fall of Saigon. By an order of 1848 T c commanded all Vietnamese Catholic converts to renounce their religion, otherwise they would be branded on the face with the mark of a heretic and surrender all of their rights and privileges. This rallied most of the European powers against Vietnam, and T c by doing this had given up any hope of Vietnam gaining help as a victim from the outside world. When further rebellions broke out as the French were advancing on the capital, T c feared that his authority was crumbling. He preferred to make a deal with the French so that he could crush the rebellion since while France may demand humiliating concessions, the rebels would most likely depose and/or kill him. He signed away the southernmost of Vietnam, Cochinchina, to be a French colony and accepted the status of a French protectorate for his country. This caused a huge uproar, and many, such as the famous mandarin Trng nh, refused to recognize the treaty and fought on in defense of their country, denouncing T c for surrendering any part of their homeland. Emperor T c did not live to see the worst effects of colonialism on his country, but he is often regarded as the last Emperor of Vietnam, since he was the last to rule independently. A case of smallpox left him impotent so he had no children despite a huge harem of wives he kept in his palace. According to legend, he died in 1883, cursing the French with his dying breath. After his death his adopted son Dc c was deposed by court officials after a reign of three days. The item “1883, Vietnam (Annam), Emperor Tu Duc. Gold 2 Tien Coin. Very Rare! PCGS AU+” is in sale since Sunday, September 17, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Gold”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Europe. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Composition: Gold