1515, Royal France, Louis XII. Scarce Gold “Ecu” for Dauphine! Certified and graded by NGC as AU-58! Denomination: Écu d’or au Soleio for Dauphine. Gold Ecu with sun, for Daupine. Weight: 3.42gm Material: Gold! Obverse: Circular quartered Arms of France (triple lis symbols) and the Province of Dauphiné (dolphins) with a sun at 12 o’cock. Legend: (lis symbol) LVDOVICVS °° DEI °° GRA °° FRANCOROM. Spelling error of the engraver: “FRANCOROM” instead of FRANCORVM! °° EX °° (privy mark) °°. Reverse: Cross patonce, with lis in center and at tips of cross. Legend: + XPS °° VINCIT °° XPS °° REGNAT °° XPS °° IPERAT. Spelling error of the engraver: “PERAT” instead of IMPERAT! The Dauphiné or Dauphiné Viennois is a former province in southeastern France, roughly corresponding to the present departments of the Isère, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes. The historical capital is Grenoble and the main towns Vienne, Valence, Die, Gap and Briançon. Louis XI was the only king of France to reside in the Dauphiné for any length of time. In the 12th century, the local ruler Count Guigues IV of Albon c. 10951142 bore a dolphin on his coat of arms and was nicknamed le Dauphin (French for dolphin). His descendants changed their title from Count of Albon to Dauphin of Viennois. The state took the name of Dauphiné. Louis XII (27 June 1462 – 1 January 1515) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504. The son of Charles, Duke of Orléans, and Maria of Cleves, he succeeded his cousin Charles VIII, who died without a living heir in 1498. Before his accession to the throne of France, he was known as Louis of Orléans and was compelled to be married to his handicapped and sterile cousin Joan by his uncle, king Louis XI. By doing so, Louis XI hoped to extinguish the Orléans cadet branch of the House of Valois. Louis of Orléans was one of the great feudal lords who opposed the French monarchy in the conflict known as the Mad War. At the royal victory in the Battle of Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier in 1488, Louis was captured, but Charles VIII pardoned him and released him. When Louis XII became king in 1498, he had his marriage with Joan annulled by Pope Alexander VI and instead married Anne of Brittany, the widow of his cousin Charles VIII. This marriage allowed Louis to reinforce the personal Union of Brittany and France. Louis persevered in the Italian Wars, initiating a second Italian campaign for the control of the Kingdom of Naples. Louis conquered the Duchy of Milan in 1500 and pushed forward to the Kingdom of Naples, which fell to him in 1501. Proclaimed King of Naples, Louis faced a new coalition gathered by Ferdinand II of Aragon and was forced to cede Naples to Spain in 1504. Louis XII did not encroach on the power of local governments or the privileges of the nobility, in opposition with the long tradition of the French kings to impose an absolute monarchy in France. A popular king, Louis was proclaimed ” Father of the People ” French. Le Pére du Peuple. Louis XII died in 1515 without a male heir. He was succeeded by his cousin Francis from the AngoulÃªme cadet branch of the House of Valois. The item “1515, Royal France, Louis XII. Scarce Gold Ecu (for Dauphine!) Coin. NGC AU58″ is in sale since Sunday, June 24, 2018. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Gold”. The seller is “coinworldtv” and is located in Europe. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Certification Number: 3935233-006
- Certification: NGC
- Grade: AU58
- Composition: Gold